Endocrinologist Job Description

The endocrine system is a complex group of the body’s glands; these glands are the organs that produce hormones.
There are various kinds of hormones, which control metabolism, reproduction, growth and development, they also provide energy and nutrition to the body and control our response to surroundings. The endocrine system includes glands like the thyroid, parathyroid, ovaries and testes, pancreas, pituitary, adrenal and hypothalamus.
An endocrinologist deals with any disease that will affect glands anywhere in the endocrine system. Endocrinologists treat a variety of diseases and conditions; often complex and involving a number of systems within the body. Your GP or primary care doctor will refer you to an endocrinologist with problems concerning the endocrine system, for example thyroid problems or diabetes.

Endocrinologist Career Outlook

The employment outlook for endocrinologists is exceptionally good; with the whole of the healthcare industry experiencing rapid employment growth, this specialty in particular is in great demand. The growing occurrence of hypo- and hyper-thyroidism and diabetes; among other glandular problems, contribute to the growing demand for endocrinologists. As well as the enormous number of jobs available in hospitals and other medical facilities, many endocrinologists choose to open their own practice after acquiring experience in the field.

Endocrinologist Requirements

A high school diploma or equivalent is necessary before entering training, with high grades in science and other related subjects. A four-year bachelor’s degree program will be necessary, followed by a three or four-year residency in internal medicine specialties, pediatrics or gynecology. Also beneficial would be an internship in a certain branch of endocrinology, like pediatric, reproductive or adult, which will also directly affect an endocrinologist salary.
You can count on generally 10 years of formal education, and it is necessary to obtain certification in endocrinology, diabetes and metabolism from the American Board of Internal Medicine (ABIM).

Endocrinologist Training

An endocrinologist training program will cover specialty subjects like internal medicine, obstetrics and gynecology, pediatrics, diabetology, etc. Four years of medical school will be followed by three or four years of internship and residency, then two or three years of training in diagnosis and treatment of hormone conditions.
You should prepare for training in endocrinology by covering courses in biology chemistry and physics, as well as mathematics including algebra, geometry and trigonometry. Computer science is also very important in laboratory work, as in most employment fields nowadays, and English courses will help with your communication skills.
Endocrinologists must hold a bachelor’s degree in biology chemistry or premedical programs, etc. After that their four years of medical school must earn them a medical degree, (either M.D. or D.O.) and then they go on to complete at least four years of a specialized residency program in a teaching hospital. After completing their residency in one of the relative fields; like internal medicine, pediatrics or obstetrics and gynecology, an endocrinologist must then follow a specialized fellowship or internship, over three or four years.
A long training is well compensated by some of the best salaries anywhere in the healthcare industry, and job satisfaction in treating patients with some of today’s fastest growing conditions and diseases.
Advancement is possible within the industry, by taking specialist courses and training, or indeed by going on to open their own endocrinologist clinic.

Medical Billing and Coding

Medical Billing and Coding Technicians Job Description

The job of a medical billing and coding technician is to process and record patient data like records, insurance, invoices and receipts.  The technician will code each patient’s diagnosis, and send invoices to insurance companies, or directly to the patient. A Medical Billing and Coding Technician takes Physicians’ notes, with diagnoses and diseases recorded, and transcribes them into codes and formats recognized by the entire industry; computer work is a large part of this employment. Medical billing and coding technicians are proficient in both ICD-9-CM, ICD-10 and CPT coding systems.
These specialists may find employment in hospitals, Doctors’ offices, mental or physical rehabilitation clinics, or other health care facilities.

Medical Billing and Coding Technician Career Outlook

Job opportunities abound for these specialists, particularly in the larger hospitals and clinics. As computer technology becomes more important to today’s society, medical institutions have to stay current, so there is always a demand for these technicians to turn paper records into formatting for computer files, and to keep billing and coding systems up to date. Ever-changing and improving technology, as well as an increase in scrutiny of medical records by insurance companies and the government; ensure a promising future for specialists in this field.

Medical Billing and Coding Technician Requirements

Those interested in pursuing a career should make sure they have high school courses in algebra and biology, English, typing and office procedures, computer data processing skills, and medical professions/health occupations education. Besides the high school diploma, an associates degree is also recommended, before training for and taking your certification exams to become a qualified medical billing and coding technician.

Medical Billing and Coding Technician Training

Courses can be taken to train for examination, or on-the-job training is also available: Students will be taught both manual and automated coding and billing procedures, as well as safety and security, anatomy and physiology, pharmacology, medical terminology and wellness and disease processes. They will also learn legal and ethical responsibilities, as well as computer literacy. These courses will generally take a minimum of nine months, before sitting the accreditation exams. To become certified, you have to pass a medical coding test, for example the CMRS (Certified Medical Reimbursement Specialist) certification which is awarded by the American Medical Billing Association (AMBA). This AMBA certification is proof that the graduate has full training in claims handling and compliance as well as medical billing, and that skills are current.

MRI Technician

MRI Technician Job Description

An MRI technician (Magnetic Resonance Imaging) is trained to use MRI equipment to conduct image scans of cross-sections of the body, and reconstruct them to form 3-D images. These images are passed to doctors to help with diagnosis, or to check progress of treatments. The MRI technician will also inject contrasting dye into the patient, to aid in the viewing of specific areas during a scan.
An MRI uses a combination of a powerful magnetic field, pulsing radio-frequencies and a computer, to produce images of almost anywhere in the body, which are used to detect blockage or enlargement in blood vessels, tumors and other growths, in fact any abnormality in the body.


MRI Technician Job Outlook

The MRI is now the most prominent tool used in diagnostics; making the outlook for employment in the field excellent. Radiological specialists are in great demand all over the healthcare industry, especially MRI technicians. Advances in medical technology, and the growing need for diagnostic and preventative medicine, again add to the great demand for specialists in this field. According to the US Bureau of Labor Statistics, MRI technicians should enjoy a 17% job growth from 2015-2025

MRI Technician Requirements

The obviously-required high school diploma, or equivalent, should include good grades in subjects like anatomy, biology and physiology, chemistry and physics, microbiology and mathematics. You then go on to take specialized courses in an accredited training school, which you can check by consulting JRCERT (Joint Review Committee on Education in Radiologic Technology), this agency is the only one recognized by the US Department of Education, for the accreditation of programs.
Courses lead to either a certificate, or associates or bachelors degree; the majority choosing associate degrees. A minimum of a C average is required at most schools to remain in the program to graduation.
Graduates then are required to complete State License as an MRI technician; as they will work with radioactive material, and be exposing patients to it, licensing is regulated by the federal government. After completing the accredited program, and gaining some practical experience, applicants must get a licensing exam.

MRI Technician Training

An MRI technician course at an accredited technical school or community college will lead you to your certificate or degree; a certificate will usually take between one and two years, an associate’s degree 2 to 3 years, and a bachelor’s degree 4 to 5 years. Courses will cover, as well as general medical studies, how to position the patient for x-rays, focus machinery and perform the procedure, while those training to become MRI technicians will specialize their coursework in this technology. The State licensing exam can be taken only after acquiring the certificate or degree, and obtaining some practical experience; without this license, it is impossible to gain employment: Technicians may also become voluntarily certified by the ARRT (American Registry of Radiologic Technologists).
Once licensed and employed, and MRI technician is required to continue education for credits, to maintain their certificates or license from the AART.
Advancement is possible in the field, after work experience to maintain their skills, and continued training to learn new skills; an MRI technician can advance to radiological assistant or specialist positions, after additional training.

Diabetes Management Nurse

Diabetes Management Nurse Job Description

Diabetes management nurse are registered nurses who assist their patients in managing their diabetes, with their main duty being the education of patients and their families about diabetes and how to self-manage. They will also advise on diet and exercise, besides medication and the monitoring of insulin levels.
Other duties include working closely with physicians and pharmacists, as well as other health care professionals. Good people skills are essential, and you must be patient and understanding, especially with newly diagnosed diabetics, who may be frightened by the news. Diabetes management nurse may have to administer insulin or medication if the patient is unable to help themselves, and are also responsible for monitoring blood glucose levels in patients.  These nurses can work in hospitals or outpatient clinics and often are required to travel from one clinic to another in regional areas.

Diabetes Management Nurse Career Outlook

Employment among all Registered Nurses (R.N.) is expected to grow faster than in other profession, with a 20% increase predicted by 2020. The growing population, as well as an aging population and the increase in diabetes diagnosis, will all help to increase job growth in this area.  Job prospects therefore are expected to be very good, especially with those diabetes nurses who have experience, while new openings will arise in the wake of retiring or transferring nurses.

Diabetes Management Nurse Requirements

All diabetes nurses must be registered nurses, after completing a diploma, or associate or bachelor’s degree in nursing. Some will complete master’s degree to become clinical nurse specialists, specializing in diabetes care.
All nursing training programs provide classroom and laboratory instruction, as well as clinical experience. Those wishing to become diabetes management nurses usually complete internships in relevant settings to gain some practical experience. All registered nurses must be licensed, and most diabetes nurses also acquire certification as diabetes specialists. Certification requires the passing of the Diabetes Management Board Certification exam, as well as minimum experience.

Diabetes Management Nurse Training

Several training programs are available, first as Registered Nurses (R.N.), then specialist training in diabetes nursing. Nurses will study diabetes management as part of their primary degree, and often will choose to take a specialist course in diabetes management. This is preferred by employers, although not a specific requirement to work in this particular field.  The National Council Licensing Examination-Registered Nurse (NCLEX-R.N.) must be passed by all Registered Nurses, who then can go on to take specialist certifications.  Diabetes Management Nurse must also continue regular education to keep skills current, and maintain their certification and license. As with any other certified position, it is best to consult with your state board to be sure of which training programs and certification are necessary in your area.

Dental Assistant

Dental Assistants Job Description

Dental Assistants offer certain types of patient care as well as laboratory and office duties, but do not perform dental hygienists’ tasks, as these involve a different licensing. A dental assistant is responsible for making the patient comfortable in the chair and preparing them for treatment, and obtaining dental records. They then will hand materials and instruments to the dentist, and use suction to keep the patient’s mouth dry. The dental assistant is responsible for sterilizing and disinfecting all instruments and equipment, preparing a tray for each procedure, and instructing the patient on post-visit care and general oral health. A dental assistant may also perform other jobs according to instructions by their dentist, like preparing the materials for moulds and impressions, or processing x-ray films. They will possibly have to remove sutures, or apply anesthetics and place rubber isolation around the teeth prior to treatment.

Dental Assistants Career Outlook

Employment in this field is expected to grow a lot faster than average, so job prospects are excellent. Employment growth is expected to be more than 36% between 2008 and 2018, making dental assistants among the fastest growing occupations in that period. There will be a great deal of opportunity for entry-level positions, but many dentists prefer to hire experienced assistants, or those who have completed a training program and meet state requirements.

Dental Assistant Requirements

It is possible to learn skills on the job, although dental assistant programs are offered by community colleges and technical institutes, or the armed forces. High school students interested in his career should make sure they have courses in biology and chemistry, health and office practices. Dental assistants have to be reliable and have good manual dexterity, as well as people skills. Some states insist dental assistants are licensed or registered, requiring them to pass written and practical exams. Dental assistants who are required to perform specialized duties like x-rays, may have to complete Radiation Health and Safety examinations which are offered by The Dental Assisting National Board (DANB), some states also require passing of a state approved course in radiology.

Dental Assistants Training

The Commission on Dental Accreditation (CODA) has many dental assistants training programs. These programs include classroom and laboratory instruction as well as preclinical training; in dental assistant skills and theory. Most of these programs cover one year, and finish with certification or diploma. A two-year program offered by community colleges will lead to an associate degree. All of these programs require a high school diploma initially, and some may require special science or computer related courses before admission. Entry-level dental assistants can be trained on the job by the dentist himself, but nowadays less dentists have the time or the inclination to do this, with most preferring to hire assistants who are already trained. Even so, a period of on-the-job training is often required, to familiarize the assistant with their particular dentist’s style and system of work.
Students should contact their state board directly to find out the specific requirements of their state, as to training and certification.

Clinical Nurse Specialist

Clinical Nurse Specialists Job Description

A Clinical Nurse Specialist differs from regular nurses in that their duties include diagnosing and treating diseases or injuries within their specialist field, as well as all conventional nursing duties. Clinical nurse specialists, or CNS’s, also act as expert consultants to nursing staff, and help to improve health care delivery systems. According to their own particular specialty, they will have extra responsibilities and duties. A CNS prepares to assume the role of case manager, organizing services and resources in their practice. They will also work on controlling costs, which means their role includes managed care. Another important aspect of their role is educational, involving education of staff as well as patients, and teaching of undergraduate and graduate level nursing students. Clinical nurse specialist is a great career choice for clinically expert nurses who want to improve health care processes and influence one-on-one patient care.

Clinical Nurse Specialists Career Outlook

The job market in this field is very good, as the current demand for clinical nurse specialists far outweighs the supply. Health care as a whole is a fast-growing industry, with nurses in great demand, especially clinical nurse specialists. Anyone going into the training program now will definitely not be wasting their time, and will have their choice of plum employment.

Clinical Nurse Specialist Requirements

Clinical nurse specialists are advanced practice nurses who hold a Masters or doctorate degree in a specialized area of nursing. To be accepted into a clinical nurse specialist program, you must already be a Registered Nurse (R.N.) The CNS is considered a specialist as their education was focused on a certain medical specialty like oncology, orthopedics etc, or a certain setting like the ER or ICU, or maybe their specialty is in a certain age group such as pediatrics or geriatrics.

Clinical Nurse Specialist Training

The training in this field is highly focused and in-depth, concentrating on the specialty involved, and all aspects of said specialty. Training is to Masters or doctorate level, and Clinical Nurse Specialists are also considered Advanced Practice Nurses (APN) After completing training, some specialties offer certification, but not all: The certifying board will vary depending on the specialty, and some areas have no certification exam available. Graduates of the training program may need to be certified by their state licensing board. Certain continuing educational requirements mean clinical nurse specialists are required to keep their license current, and as they often have to work in extensive research, it is also helpful keep up with current trends and training courses.


Chiropractors Job Description

Chiropractors deal with the diagnosis and treatment of problems in the musculoskeletal system, and the effects of these problems on the nervous system and overall health. Just as in any other health practice, chiropractors begin with the standard routine, involving patient’s health history, neurological, physical and orthopedic examinations, as well as ordering lab tests, x-rays etc. They will then use special procedures like massage, or therapies with heat, water and light, electric current or acupuncture. They will advise on diet and nutrition, exercise and lifestyle changes, or may refer patients to physicians in other fields.

Chiropractor Career Outlook

Employment here, as in all aspects of health care, is projected to improve and grow a lot faster than in other fields, and job prospects are good. Employment in chiropractic expects an increase of 20% by 2028; this job growth due to increased demand for alternative health care procedures. Today’s health-conscious Americans are drawn to chiropractic care as it emphasizes the importance of a healthy lifestyle, and chiropractors do not perform surgery or prescribe medications. Pediatric chiropractors are especially in demand among children, who are normally not keen on doctor’s visits; having no problem with the gentle care of these specialists, and among the older population, who have more likelihood of musculoskeletal problems.

Chiropractor Requirements

Applicants to chiropractic programs must have a minimum of 90 semester hours of undergraduate study, leading to a bachelor’s degree, which must include courses in English, social sciences or humanities, organic and inorganic chemistry, physics, biology and psychology. A lot of applicants already have their bachelor’s degree, which is expected to eventually be the minimum entry requirement. Several chiropractic colleges will offer the chance to take the bachelor’s degree program at the same time as the pre-chiropractic study. Different states have varied requirements as to recognized chiropractic education, so inform yourself before you begin.

Chiropractor Training

Training must include a minimum of 4,200 hours combined experience in classroom, laboratory and clinical training. The first two years of chiropractic training cover work in classrooms and laboratories on the sciences, to include anatomy and physiology, microbiology, pathology and biochemistry, as well as public health. The following two years training covers courses in spinal adjustment and manipulation, as well clinical experience in physical and laboratory diagnoses. You will also take courses in neurology, geriatrics, orthopedics, physiotherapy and nutrition. Once you gain your degree you are entitled to the credential D.C. (Doctor of Chiropractic)
If you choose to follow a particular specialty, like sports injuries, rehabilitation, orthopedics, pediatrics or neurology, you can take postdoctoral training and sit exams, to receive diploma status in your chosen specialty. Chiropractors have to be licensed, and can only practice in the states they are licensed for, although in some states it is possible to obtain a license without further examination, if your previous state’s license meets their specifications.

Certified Nursing Assistant

Certified Nursing Assistant Job Description

CNAs are on the front line of patient care, and although not a particularly impressive title, the job is one of the most important in daily health care. People skills and compassion are every bit as important as medical qualifications; CNA tasks include feeding, grooming and bathing patients, checking vital signs and aiding nurses with medical equipment. CNAs, sometimes known as nurses aides, orderlies, home health aides or patient care technicians, work under nurses’ supervision, providing care and assistance where necessary; They also make note of relevant information to pass on to nurses, while supporting their patients both emotionally and socially.

Certified Nursing Assistant Salary

Certified Nursing Assistants at entry-level can earn between $35,000 and $50,000 annually, with the top CNAs earning an average of $65,500; factors here being where they work and years of experience. DNA is working in hospitals and other health facilities will have different salaries than those working in private home care. Clearly salaries will differ from state to state as well, but national averages are a good guideline.

Certified Nursing Assistant Career Outlook

The Bureau of Labor Statistics predicts that 20% growth in nursing assistant jobs by 2025; the highest growth expected in home health care, (with more people preferring the comfort of treatment at home, as well as the cost saving aspect) although hospital work and jobs in nursing homes are also predicted with faster growth than the average career.

Certified Nursing Assistant Requirements

To begin a career as a CNA you must complete a certified nursing assistant program, and pass the examination. The exam is in two parts; written and practical, with the written portion generally being multiple-choice questions and will test the understanding of several skills. The practical or technical portion of the exam requires students to perform particular skills and demonstrate their abilities. Although it is possible to work as a nursing assistant without certification, job prospects and earning potential are greatly reduced.

Certified Nursing Assistant Training

There are many choices open to you for training, usually involving a course covering 6 to 12 weeks, leading to the final CNA exam. Training courses are available through local community colleges or through the Red Cross (these may cost between $300-600 for a course which may last as long as six months, but give more extensive training. Some health care facilities, i.e. nursing homes provide free classes, or projects where you pay as you learn, and some will cover the cost of your exams, then expect you to stay there to work over a certain period in exchange for this help. Search for practice tests online to prepare yourself, in fact nowadays it is possible to take your training course online too. These online Certified Nursing Assistant programs are fast joining the ranks of the most popular online training programs on offer.

It is important that you check with your state registry, as regulations on certification vary between states; detailed information can be found through your State Nurse Aide Registry or State Licensing Board.

Cardiovascular Technologist

Cardiovascular Technologist Job Description

Cardiovascular Technologists, or technicians, work as assistants to physicians in diagnosing and treating cardiovascular ailments (dealing with the heart and surrounding blood vessels).
These technicians will also schedule appointments, consult patient files and review physicians’ notes, and monitor heart rate. They also deal with the operation and care of equipment used for testing, explain procedures to patients, and check results to identify problems. Other duties will depend upon your chosen specialty; you could choose to specialize in invasive cardiology, or non-invasive (like echocardiography) or vascular technology.
Cardiovascular technologists choosing to specialize in invasive cardiology will be known as cardiology technologists. These specialists will assist surgeons and physicians with cardiac catheterization. This procedure involves a catheter, or small tube, threaded through an artery from an entry point near the patient’s groin, all the way up to the heart. This procedure will discover any blockages in the blood vessel, or other problems, and sometimes treatment can be given this way; removing the need for heart surgery.
Cardiovascular technologists in this case will prepare patients for surgery, by shaving and cleaning the catheter entry area, and administering anesthesia. During the procedure they will monitor heart rate and blood pressure using EKG equipment, and keep the physician informed. Specialist cardiology technologists will also prepare and monitor patients during insertion of pacemakers and stents, and even assist during open heart surgery.

Cardiovascular Technologist Salary

The average salary of a cardiovascular technologist is close to $65,000 a year, with the lowest earners taking about $45,000, and the highest earners claiming more than $95,000. This of course depends greatly on training and experience, as well as the type of facility offering employment, and geographical location.

Cardiovascular Technologists Career Outlook

Employment outlook in this field is excellent, with growth expected to be much faster than average. Cardiovascular technologists with multiple skills and credentials, with certification in many procedures, will have the greatest choice of employment.
The increase in the aging population, a higher incidence of heart disease and other complications, and increasing technology, all add to the increase in demand for cardiovascular technologists.

Cardiovascular Technologist Requirements

A cardiovascular technologist will usually need an associate degree for entry-level employment, with some employers also requiring professional credentials, and continued on-the-job training is normal in this environment. Personal requirements include reliability, mechanical aptitude, and the ability to follow instructions in detail. Good people skills and a relaxed bedside manner are also necessary, and you should be articulate; able to communicate with physicians and surgeons on a technical level and then explain everything simply to your patient.
You should contact a credentialing body for details of exactly what you need for your chosen field.

Cardiovascular Technologist Training

The Commission on Accreditation of Allied Health Professionals (CAAHEP) accredits the programs for cardiovascular technology education. There are several of these programs available all over the United States, which lead to examinations for license and certification. Credentialing is voluntary but is the professional standard, and you will find most employers ask for credentials. These are available from the CCI (Cardiovascular Credentialing International) or the ARDMS (American Registry of Diagnostic Medical Sono-graphers); if you choose a career as a sono-grapher or EKG technician, training and examinations are specialized. Once employed, a cardiovascular technologist can further their education and experience, and go on to take other exams for increased credentials, in order to advance their career. Cardiovascular Technologists are able to advance into supervisory or management positions, as well as going on to laboratory work or a teaching position.


Audiologist Job Description

Audiologists deal with hearing problems, or all difficulties related to the ear, such as balance. They have patients of all ages, who may experience symptoms of hearing loss, or other auditory and balance problems, as well as sensory and neural complaints. With the use of audiometers and other testing devices, as well as computers, they can measure the level of sound an individual can hear, their ability to distinguish between sounds, etc. They will use their findings to diagnose and determine the necessary course of treatment or medication.

Audiologist Salary

The average annual salary of an audiologist is around $75,000; ranging between $50,000 and $120,000. About 15% of audiologists are union members or under union contracts. Some employers in this field will pay for courses in continuing education.

Audiologists Career Outlook

This is one area where employment growth is projected much faster than the average, although there will not be so many job openings as in other careers, as this occupation is in a much smaller field. However employment is expected to rise 25% by 2022. Increase in the ageing population, therefore increase in hearing and balance problems, will add to the demand for audiologists.

There is also notable growth in the importance of early identification and diagnosis of hearing disorders in infants, which will also add to the increase in demand for these specialists.

Audiologist Requirements

Audiologist license requirements are regulated by state, and vary greatly. A minimum of a Masters degree in audiology is necessary, but increasingly a doctoral degree is required. Graduation from an accredited program is required for licensing in most states, as well as professional credentialing.
Accreditation of audiologist programs comes from the CAA (Council on Academic Accreditation) which is an entity of ASHA (American Speech-Language-Hearing Association)

Audiologist Training

Initial education should cover courses in English and mathematics, physics chemistry and biology, psychology and communication. Audiologist graduate coursework includes anatomy and physiology, physics, genetic, normal and abnormal communication development, as well as auditory, balance and neural systems assessment and treatment, pharmacology and ethics, audiological diagnosis and treatment. A graduate course will also include supervised clinical practical training.
18 states require a doctoral degree for license, while some states consider the practice of audiology and the dispensing of hearing aids come under separate regulation, so these states require an additional license; the Hearing Aid Dispenser License.
The ASHA offer a Certificate of Clinical Competence in Audiology (CCC-A), and credentialing is also offered through the ABA (American Board of Audiology). Professional credentialing earned here may cover all, or only some of your States’ licensing requirements.
Most states require continued education during employment, and periodical license renewal. Generally audiologists participate by their own choice, in continuing classes, courses and certification, in order to keep up with new technologies and methods of practice.  Advancement is possible through experience; in hospitals to Head of Department, management or supervisory positions, or experienced audiologists also have the possibility of opening their own practice.